The costliest natural catastrophes occurred in the United States in 2018 with one of California’s devastating wildfires and Hurricane Michael topping the list, according to Munich Re. A report from Munich Re on last year’s natural disasters pointed to “clear indications” that man-made climate change is a factor in California’s wildfires.
An El Niño event is very likely under way, amping up extreme weather already made worse by climate change and increasing the odds that 2019 will be the hottest year in recorded human history, scientists warn. There is an 80 percent chance a full-fledged El Niño has already begun and will last until at least the end of February 2019, according to the Climate Prediction Center at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
The National Climate Assessment (NCA) predicts agriculture will be one of the greatest casualties when it comes to climate change. “Any change in the climate poses a major challenge to agriculture through increased rates of crop failure, reduced livestock productivity and altered rates of pressure from pests, weeds and diseases,” the report states.
Warmer temperatures caused by climate change are projected to boost insect activity and lead to more crop loss, a new study from the University of Washington warns. The hotter weather will speed up the “metabolic rates” of the world’s insect population, causing the critters to eat more, the study authors found. Warmer temperatures also are expected to increase the reproductive rates of insects, the study said.
Cuba is studying whether to adjust its sugar-harvest calendar in response to damaging changes in the island's climate, an official newspaper reported last Saturday. The Caribbean island, once the world's leading sugar producer, is suffering through a years-long decline in production even as its socialist leaders struggle to modernise a sluggish economy.
Inside a Kansas greenhouse, a buzzing horde of flies set about laying waste to 20,000 seedlings. But as researchers watched, there was one species of growth that remained untouched – an ancient Syrian grass known as Aegilops tauschii. Now those Syrian seeds, once stored in a vault outside of Aleppo, could end up saving US wheat from the menaces of climate change.
A new study published has said most of the existing habitats of the Nilgiri Tahr in the Western Ghats will not be suitable due to global warming effects. There are only 3,000 Nilgiri Thars left in the country. he study, which published in Ecological Engineering, looked into climate scenarios over a course of three time-frames (2030s (2021–2050), 2050s (2040–2069) and 2080s (2070–2099)). The study looked at 10 Tahr habitats during 2010-2011.
Moody’s has suggested that the effects of climate changes may present many opportunities for re/insurers to expand their operations by introducing new products, expanding existing ones, and by closing the protection gap. A recent report by the company predicts that insurance will likely become a more widespread part of comprehensive risk adaptation strategies as the financial and economic risks associated with climate change become more pronounced, and as governments, businesses and individuals become more aware of these risks.
Recently, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) voiced a shocking forecast for Ukraine - according to its data, country can soon lose up to 70% of the crop due to increasingly frequent droughts. The head of agrometeorology department of the Ukrainian Hydrometeorological Center Tetiana Adamenko said what unpleasant surprises are to be expected, and also what can be done to avoid them.
Climate change has hit farmers and governments hard as drought, hailstorms and floods become more frequent. Most Indian farmers are not covered by insurance and all do not receive relief for crop damage. Yet on an average these payouts averaged about Rs24,000 crore per year between 2014-15 and 2016-17.
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