Crop pathogens and pests reduce the yield of agricultural production, causing substantial economic losses and reducing food security. Yet, their global burden and their variation over time and among different agroecosystems remains poorly quantified. Crop pathogens and pests (P&Ps) constitute a burden to food production worldwide.
The world sugar market is on course for a shortfall of 1,36 million tonnes, analyst Green Pool said on Friday in its first forecast for the 2019/2020 season. It also trimmed its projection for the global surplus in 2018/2019 to 2,64 million tonnes from a previous forecast of 3,6 million tonnes. There was a surplus of 19,6 million tonnes in 2017/2018, it said.
In Soc Trang Province, traders are buying sugarcane in Cu Lao Dung District for VND200 – 300 a kilo, a record-low price. The islet district, which is the province’s largest sugarcane producer, has about 2,300ha of sugarcane for the 2018-19 crop. Tran Vu Lan, who plants 1.2ha of sugarcane in Cu Lao Dung’s Dai An 1 Commune, said the low price of sugarcane and the high cost of hiring workers for harvesting have caused a loss of VND20 million (US$860) per hectare.
“We have a good period for Brussels sprouts behind us. However, at the moment, auction prices are meager. Normally, when there is winter weather, the demand is good. This reflects in the prices received at auction", says BelOrta's Guy Jennes. “The current auction price for medium-sized Brussels sprouts is very low. The larger sizes are getting better prices, but it is still too little.
Rodney Helton stood in a cotton field in Atmore, Ala., just over the Florida state line, with puddles of wet, mushy soil and water gathering over his dirty boots. He reached out and plucked a sopping wet cotton boll off of a brown, rotting stem and held it between his fingers, shaking his head. “See this?” he said, peeling the wet cotton apart like an orange. “That’s not how it’s supposed to be. It’s supposed to be fluffy, it’s cotton. That’s no good. No good.”
Russia has big plans for 2019. The country is going to expand its acreage of grains and pulses for the 2019 harvest to a 20-year high (up 2.8% from 2018). As a reminder, Russian growers have seeded a 2.5% larger area to winter crops than planned: their plantings total 17.6 Ml ha, or 2.7% more than last year. In addition, the final figure on planting in Russia is usually higher than current ones.
A ‘perfect’ growing season would have just enough heat and moisture at the right times to make a bumper crop. The problem of course is that it rarely happens. With moisture being so critical to both short- and long-season crops, if producers had a better idea of their crop water budget going into a new season, it might help make seeding decisions easier.
After nearly a decade of research by its own scientists, Nigeria has approved its first genetically modified (GM) food crop — pest-resistant cowpea. The National Biosafety Management Agency (NBMA) decision to allow the environmental release of GM cowpea affirms the crop’s safety. It also paves the way for commercializing GM cowpea and making the seeds available to farmers.
The Association of Kenya Insurers says this will enable the farmers to recoup their losses once faced by vagaries of unpredictable weather and climate change. While humanity has control over what they decide to plant or the animals they keep, the success of any of the ventures depends on nature’s providence. When drought strikes all the investment is bound to be lost. The Association of Kenya Insurers is asking farmers to take up agriculture insurance to save themselves from such losses.
While some areas of Minnesota and Iowa are expecting record yields for corn and soybeans this fall, that is not the case for large parts of Redwood, Renville and Brown counties. Hit with too much rain early in the growing season, fields were barely planted when the skies began to open up and and dump water. Redwood, Renville and Brown counties are usually in the state’s top 10 percent for corn and soybean production.
Losses from Hurricane Irma last year sent the value of the 2017-18 Florida citrus crop plummeting 41 percent. That’s a preliminary estimate of last season’s crop value released by the U.S. Department of Agriculture at an advisory committee composed of Florida growers. One of those growers — Larry Black, general manager of the Peace River Packing Co. in Fort Meade — expressed little surprise.
Although India is among the top producers of several agricultural commodities, it continues to have grossly inaccurate production estimates. Maharashtra, the second largest producer of cotton, soybean and sugarcane in the country, has often missed its production and yield estimates. Accurate data is also required to compensate farmers for crop losses caused by natural calamities and for settlement of insurance claims.
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