Weather conditions for field operations have predominantly been favourable in most of France and the main cropping regions of the United Kingdom, but challenging in many other parts of Europe.
In northern Germany, northern Poland and Lithuania, the abundant rain continued and delayed field operations. Rapeseed is worst affected, as its optimal sowing window has finished and a reduction in the planted area is expected.
In Spain, Portugal and the Maghreb region, the drought conditions continue: the very scant rainfall in October was insufficient and more rain is needed to allow good germination and emergence before the closing of the optimal sowing window in mid-December.
In western France, central Italy and in the south-eastern United Kingdom, cumulative precipitation has been half the average for this period of the year, without negative impacts.
In Greece, after a dry period, abundant precipitation occurred throughout the country, with 200 mm of rainfall between 7 and 15 November causing localised damage. Similar extreme events were recorded in Turkey and southern Italy. In Ireland, strong winds of Hurricane Ophelia lodged the green maize crops that were still in the field, with negative impacts at national level.
Source – https://ec.europa.eu