Australia - Record wheat harvest but rains hurt quality

30.11.2021 480 views

Australia, one of the world’s biggest wheat growers, boosted its official production forecast by more than 5% to a record, but warned that heavy rains and floods had damaged the crop in the east of the country.

Global wheat prices are near the highest in nine years and importers have been looking to Australia for extra supplies of the grain used in everything from bread and cakes, to pastries and bagels. Torrential downpours at the wrong time in New South Wales and Queensland hurt the crop and reduced the quality.

The Australian Bureau of Agricultural & Resource Economics and Sciences raised its prediction for the country’s wheat crop to 34.4 million tons from 32.6 million tons in September. The forecaster also increased its estimate for canola production by 14% to a record 5.7 million tons, offering more supplies to a global market trading near all-time highs because of a crop failure in Canada. 

Early spring rainfall had helped yields across eastern states, while cropping regions in South Australia and Western Australia were boosted by rain and mild temperatures in October. The damage and losses from torrential rains in November are likely to be worst in New South Wales. 

Receivals of grain are already showing signs of reduced quality, though canola crops are indicating good oil content, the forecaster said. There is a risk that more heavy rains in December could spur further downgrades and the potential for more crop losses. The national winter crop is expected to reach a record 58.4 million tons, an increase of 6.6% from the September forecast.

Forecasts for 2021-22 winter crop production:

Canola 5.75.014%4.5

Other notes from Abares:

  • A La Nina weather event is established, increasing the chance of above average rainfall across much of northern and eastern Australia during the summer
  • No reports of significant damage from mice so far this season due to increased baiting on farms during winter and spring
  • Area sown to summer crops in 2021–22 is predicted to increase by 36% to 1.4 million hectares
  • Higher plantings to rice and irrigated cotton expected
  • Sorghum plantings also seen rising due to improved conditions in central Queensland and northern New South Wales, but if conditions are too wet growers might not be able to access paddocks to carry out planting
  • Cotton output likely to increase by 79% to near record of 1.1 million tons, driven by prospects of better returns relative to alternative crops, improved irrigation and favorable soil moisture profiles in New South Wales and Queensland

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