While Florida and California accounted for 76 percent of U.S. production of field-grown tomatoes in 2016, greenhouse production and use of other protected-culture technologies help extend the growing season and make production feasible in a wider variety of geographic locations. Some greenhouse production is clustered in traditional field-grown-tomato-producing States like California.
This year's European apple production is expected to come to 10,556,000 tons. That is 20% less than last year. It is also 8% less than the average over the past three years. The European pear harvest is expected to be 2,047,000 tons. This is 14% lower than last year and 9% less than the previous three seasons average. These figures are according to the World Apple and Pear Association, WAPA's top fruit prognoses.
Between 17 April and 10 May 2017, large parts of Europe were hit by a cold snap that brought a series of overnight frosts. As the budding process was already well advanced due to an exceptionally warm spring, losses reached historic levels – particularly for fruit and wine growers: economic losses are estimated at €3.3bn, with around €600m of this insured.
China represents one of the largest agricultural economies in the world with fast-developing agricultural insurance model in place. Chinese agricultural insurance is distinguished by its quick success and efficiency. Such success was achieved by systemic efforts and reforms. This model includes high level of governmental interventions through introduction of agricultural insurance premium subsidy program.
About 55 percent of the contiguous U.S. was experiencing moderate to extreme drought conditions at the end of June 2012, according to a report by the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC). This is the largest percentage since December 1956, when 58 percent of the country was affected by such conditions. June 2012 also marked the fourth-warmest June since record keeping began in 1880, according to a report by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).
Crop insurance policies fall under two primary categories: crop hail insurance and multi-peril crop insurance. Crop hail insurance is limited to losses due to fire and/or hail. Multi-peril crop insurance (MPCI) provides extensive coverage for losses from weather to pests and even loss of revenue. In many cases, multi-peril policies are subsidized and backed by a federal reinsurance program.
Private plots generate 48 percent of cattle, 43 percent of swine and 54 percent of sheep and goats in Russia. The Russian government recently approved a new program that will succeed the National Priority Project in agriculture (NPP) titled, “The State Program for Development of Agriculture and Regulation of Food and Agricultural Markets in 2008-2012,” that encourages pork and beef production and attempts to address Russia’s declining cattle numbers.
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