Crop Damages by Wild Animals – Global View G.M. Wani, Ph.D ; D.V.M (Germany) Wild animal-human conflicts have started since beginning of human era from Adam and Eve. This conflict of wilderness made man to hide in caves and he was called as “Cave man”. Slowly, with his advancement it is he who invented Axe […]
Winds of Change for Agricultural Risks Thomas Heintz is chief underwriter, agriculture, Partner Re The impact of warming atmospheric and ocean temperatures on agriculture is neither consistent nor easily predictable, but there are a number of definable consequences linked to higher temperatures. These can be subjectively divided into positive and potentially negative effects for farmers […]
Thanks in large part to the California almond industry, pollination fees for Northwest honeybee hives continued to climb at a good clip in 2008. According to Oregon State University's Pacific Northwest honeybee Pollination Economics Survey, the average rental rate for a colony of bees in Oregon and Washington in 2008 was $81.15, up almost 15 percent from the year before. In the last 10 years, average rates have jumped a little over 250 percent. During the last 19 years, average pollination fees have increased by 440 percent.
Climate change is not something new to coffee. It has already hit the coffee farmers hard in a dramatic manner. It is happening right now, in front of our very own eyes. A combination of factors like extreme heat and cold, unseasonal rains, severe droughts and floods, prolonged high daytime temperatures and sudden drop in night time temperature has significantly affected the ecology of plantation belts. Water resources, agriculture systems, cultural operations, plantation economics and loss of plant genetic resources has taken a severe toll, not only on coffee but also on the multiple crops grown inside ecofriendly coffee forests.
The international agricultural insurance market has an important dimension. The experience of economically developed countries revealed the fact that without a stable development of agricultural insurances, there is no chance for high performance agriculture. This will require the establishment of a framework for responding to severe systemic events affecting agricultural production, and establishing an appropriate regulatory environment to foster private sector innovation and investment in services for less catastrophic events.
As its proponents hoped, crop insurance has become the largest single source of financial protection to farmers. From insuring 182.2 million acres in 1997, the program has grown to cover more than 271.7 million acres in crop year 2007, an increase of almost 12 percent, or about 30 million acres, over the 2006 crop year. According to National Crop Insurance Services, the program is meeting the Congressional mandate of insuring 80 percent of insurable farmland.
Agricultural insurance plays an important role in stimulating investment in agriculture and in stabilising farmers’ income. In a Focus Report titled: Setting up sustainable agricultural insurance: the example of China, released today, Swiss Re suggests that China’s experience with agricultural insurance subsidies could point the way for other emerging markets to drive growth and secure food supply. The report also recommends that all stakeholders in the agricultural insurance sector collaborate to ensure risk-adequate pricing and to develop viable risk assessment procedures and solutions for local markets.
Ukraine – information and data – confidentiality issues and regulation Natalya Slynko All citizens of Ukraine, legal entities and state bodies/agencies have the right to know, which envisages the right to free access to, use, distribution and storage of information/data necessary for exercising their rights, freedoms, and legitimate interests, and essential to their functioning and […]
According to the latest Swiss Re sigma study, world insurance premium income grew 3.3% in real terms in 2007, reaching USD 4 061bn. This growth was primarily driven by the life business in industrialised and emerging markets and to a lesser extent by the non-life business in the emerging markets. Life insurance premiums increased 5.4%, which is above the previous ten year average. Non-life premium growth was robust in the emerging markets (+10%), but decreased in the industrialised countries (-0.3%). However, both the life and non-life industries are financially sound despite the challenging economic environment.
The Indian peasantry, the largest surviving body of small farmers in the world, is currently facing an epidemic of suicide. For thousands of years farmers have depended on the Earth to sustain their families. Now, in the twenty-first century, their livelihood, prosperity, and the well-being of their families for generations to come are being threatened by globalisation and the shift in the linkage of agriculture from the Earth to a few profit-driven multinational corporations. Although India has been a frontline crusader in the global battle to protect the livelihoods of small farmers.
In Uruguay, as in all other countries in the region, the expansion of single-crop agriculture (monoculture) combined with the powerful presence of agri-multinationals, has led to the creation of new power blocks. This in turn creates a policy environment where important decisions are made to facilitate these groups. When compared with its neighbors, Brazil and Argentina, Uruguay has demonstrated a record increase in the use of agricultural land for soybean monoculture. Since 2003, soy land-use has multiplied 15 fold. In this short period, soybeans have displaced traditional crops, such as sunflowers, wheat, and sorghum.
The paper is divided into three parts: Section I briefly introduces how developing countries have sought to protect the interests of small and marginal farmers in the on-going Doha round and the current state of play in those negotiations. Section II discuses the integration of Mexican agriculture in global markets under NAFTA and why the brunt of the adjustment was borne by small and marginal farmers. And finally, Section III proposes an alternate model of agricultural modernization centered on small-farmers and why for developing countries the stakes are much higher than for Mexico.
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