Insurance companies have missed the deadline to recognise and pay claims worth over Rs 5,000 crore made by farmers under the Centre’s Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) scheme. The pending insurance claims – which state governments have certified, but have not been approved by the companies yet – add up to a whopping Rs 5,171 crore and are for the recent kharif season, which ended in December 2018.
Farmers in Matabeleland South have been gripped by panic after 4000 cattle have died due to drought. According to provincial livestock experts, the drought is likely to wipe out almost half of the herd in the province. The province holds about 700 000 cattle. The most affected areas, according to officials, include Gwanda, Beitbridge, Matobo, Bulilima and Mangwe districts.
The Swedish Agricultural Federation (LRF) is warning growers about the consequences of a second warm, dry summer. In a normal year around three percent of the Swedish agricultural area is irrigated. If needed this could be expanded to nine percent, as long as the equipment and water are there. Ninety percent of the total area, however, will have to do without extra water.
The exceptional drought that is ravaging the Canary Islands has taken a toll on most agricultural crops in the region, ruining onion, potato and grape productions. The optimum amount of rainfall to ensure a good harvest is 400 to 450 liters, but this year, barely 150 liters fell in the months of October and November, and it has hardly rained since then.
The extreme drought in the Colombian province of Cordoba has had devastating effects on plantain crops, damaging 60% of the plantations. In fact, 15,000 hectares have been affected by the lack of water, compared to the 25,000 planted this year, according to sources in Cordoba's plantain productive chain.
Recent flooding in the Midwest has brought attention to the complex agricultural problems associated with too much rain. Data from the past three decades suggest that excessive rainfall can affect crop yield as much as excessive heat and drought. In a new study, an interdisciplinary team from the University of Illinois linked crop insurance, climate, soil and corn yield data from 1981 through 2016.
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