Greece suddenly has to deal with major snowfall. Although this could be a bad thing for many growers of various fruits and veggies, for Zeus the snow couldn’t have come at a better time. The harvesting of the kiwis has been over for quite some time, but the cold temperature means the company has a great year to look forward to. Dangerous weather, that’s what local news outlets are calling it.
The 2018 Italian green kiwi production quantification by CSO Italy has now ended.The production did not meet expectations, especially because of exceptionally adverse climate conditions which negatively affected the pre-harvesting fall phase. The total green kiwi marketable production – destined to the fresh produce market – was 333.000 tons, similar to what happened in 2017 and less than 30% of the 2013-16 average.
Two years ago, 500 frost-resistant kiwi plants were planted on half a hectare in the Cherkasy region. Now there are plans to increase the area with another ten hectares. The kiwi -or Chinese gooseberry- is one of the best cultures, says Mr. Mikhailov, a local grower. Its profitability is much higher than that of peaches, strawberries, cherries or apples. Every year, Ukraine imports 10,000 to 12,000 tonnes of this fruit, while the Ukrainians can grow them at home.
Over 60% of kiwi orchards were damaged in various areas in Lazio. The territory affected by the frost of 20th-22nd April 2017 goes from south-west Rome to the entire Latina area. "Temperatures have not dropped may degrees below zero, but a lot depended on the land. For example, plants located in dips of even just one metre were hit far worse than the others. Male plants, which are generally taller, stand out with their green against a background of burnt female plants," explains Crea researcher Gianni Tacconi.
Kiwifruit growers in New Zealand appear to have escaped any serious damage from Cyclone Cook. The MetService had warned it could have been worst storm event in the country since 1968, issuing a state of emergency for parts of the North Island. The storm passed over the Bay of Plenty, Gisborne and Hawkes Bay on Thursday evening, cutting power to low-lying coastal areas and forcing the evacuation of thousands of residents.
Over the past few weeks, all kiwi orchards have experienced a return of bacteriosis, caused by Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (PSA). This event caught both producers and technicians by surprise, especially as there had been no prolonged rainy periods during winter. This phenomenon is probably due to the cold temperatures that swept through the peninsula in winter. A study conducted a few years ago actually showed how PSA is favoured by cold temperatures.
In Ordu, on the Black Sea coast of Turkey, kiwifruit production this season has significantly reduced as a result of cold and windy weather, according to the Ordu Food, Agriculture and Livestock Minister. “The area has a production potential of nearly 10,000 tons. Last season the yield reached 6,500 tons but we estimate a 2000 tons reduction in yield this season, especially in high altitude areas,” stated Minister.
The actual extent of the damage to fruit and vegetables caused by spring frosts in Hungary will be known in late May, as reported by the head of the Department of Horticulture of the National Agrarian Chamber (NAK), Béla Mártonfy.[enter] He stated that a total of 24 billion forints (76.9 million Euro) will be allocated to compensate producers reporting damages to at least 30% of their crops.[enter] Frosts affected a number of regions, with the most damage hitting grapes, apples, nuts and maize. The most severe frosts were registered in the counties of Somogy, Zala, Bács-Kiskun and Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg.
Kiwi orchards were planted in the eastern Black Sea region of Turkey as an alternative to hazelnuts; Ordu Kiwifruit Growers Association president Yusuf Uzunlar reports that snowfall and cold weather in March has had an adverse effect on the local kiwifruit. Uzunlar explains that in the last week of March especially, cold weather damaged the fruits, ‘’We are aiming to determine the extent of the damage, which we will be able to do after conducting a study.’’
Growers in New Zealand continue the ongoing battle with Psa and bizarre weather conditions are adding to their trouble; yet in spite of this, a bumper kiwifruit yield is still expected. Kiwifruit Vine Health communications manager Lara Harrison said spring had been "a tough one" for kiwifruit growers managing Psa. Figures showed in October 2015 the number of orchards with Psa in Tauranga, Te Puke and Katikati jumped to 2,051 from 1,978 in October 2014. Nationally the levels climbed to 2,757 from 2,595 over the same timeframes - a rise of 6 per cent.
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