Reduced 2020/2021 peach and nectarine production globally, due to bad weather

23.09.2020
Global peach and nectarine production is expected to decline by 1,1 million tons to 21 million tons. Adverse weather conditions are affecting production in China and the European Union. These are the largest producers of these fruits. That means reduced global supplies, which, in turn, will shrink world trade. Production in China is expected to drop by 500,000 tons to 14,5 million tons. The country experienced heavy snow in April in most of its peach-growing provinces. That affected the fruit. Exports should decrease by a third, to 80,000 tons. That's because of the continued Russian boycott of imported Chinese fruit. That includes stone fruit. Russia used to be China's third-largest market. Russia imposed the ban in August 2019, citing phytosanitary issues. Imports to China are estimated to climb by more than 40% to 38,000 tons. That's due to a sharp rise in Chilean imports at the sales season's start. That was before COVID-19 disruptions affected shipments. EU production is expected to drop by more than 600,000 tons to 3,5 million tons. That's after last year's record supplies. Again, bad weather is to blame. It hit Spain, Italy, Greece, and France. There had been an overproduction of peaches in recent years. That led to an acreage reduction in Spain, Italy, and France. Spanish farmers even switched part of their production to nuts. The drop in production should decrease exports by 24,000 tons to 155,000 tons. But imports are expected to increase only slightly. That's because demand is mostly met by local supply. Production in the US is expected to drop by 26,000 tons to 691,000 tons. The orchards in Colorado and other east coast states suffered damaging frost. Exports should decrease by 4,000 tons to 67,000 tons. There will be small shipments to the country's top markets, Mexico, Taiwan, and Australia. Imports should also fall to 33,000 tons. There were reduced Chilean shipments at the beginning of the sales season. The United States may now export nectarines to China. That's according to the US-China trade agreement signed in January 2020. The General Administration of Customs of China (GACC) published a list on 26 April. It contains the names of approved American packaging companies. That officially opened the market for certain American nectarines. These come from five counties in California. Since the release of these names, trade figures show that shipments have begun. Turkish production, on the other hand, is showing growth for the sixth consecutive year. It should rise by 40,000 tons to 870.000 tons. That's thanks to the good weather in the country during the fruits' flowering and harvesting times. There is a parallel growth in Turkish exports. These should increase by 40,000 tons too. Exports should reach a record of 140,000 tons, almost tripling in four years. There are higher supplies and less expected competition in Russia. That's thanks to China's absence. This export success stimulates further investment in peach and nectarine cultivation. In turn, that's leading to a further peach and nectarine acreage expansion. The demands of exports and a growing juice industry must be met. Production in Chile is also expected to increase, but only slightly. It should reach 170,000 tons, thanks to good growing conditions and a stable acreage. Exports should rise a little too. Chile is expected to send larger consignments totaling 105,000 tons to China. Japanese production is expected to keep falling by 10.000 tons to 98.000 tons: the reason - a very wet rainy season. Production in Australia is expected to be 5,000 tons higher than the previous 120,000 tons. That's thanks to the continuing winter cold and adequate water supplies. Australian production has been on a modest upward trend since 2017. This should continue in the coming years. That's because the older peach and nectarine trees are being replaced by newer varieties, with higher yields. COVID-19 related air freight challenges will mean export will be reduced to 13,000 tons. That's despite the increased stock. Domestic consumption is, however, expected to increase to 109,000 tons. Russian imports are expected to break the last two year's downward trend. There should be a slight recovery to 200,000 tons. That's thanks to Turkey's larger shipments. These will more than compensate for China's banned supplies. Source - https://www.freshplaza.com
RISK EVENTS

Europe - Around 66,000 ha damaged - 23 million euros in damages

02.07.2021

While Vereinigte Hagelversicherung VVaG reported 30,000 hectares damaged just a few days ago, this figure has more than doubled within a few days. A good 66,000 hectares were registered for regulation from June 18 to 25. This is due to so-called supercells, which came from France through Baden-Württemberg and Bavaria to Austria and the Czech Republic, causing hailstorms over a length of several hundred kilometers. Local heavy rainfall with enormous amounts of rain from so-called "water bombs" and hailstones the size of tennis balls caused damage to almost all crops, often with total losses. On June 22 and again on June 24, the damage area stretched from Lake Starnberg via Munich to Passau. In Baden-Württemberg, the Neckar-Alb region was hardest hit on June 21 and, just two days later, the strip from Freiburg via Reutlingen to Esslingen. A locally intense area of damage extended along the North Sea coast in the Groningen-Norden-Aurich triangle on both the Dutch and German sides of the border. In addition, abroad, the polder areas on the IJsselmeer and the Baltic region were particularly affected. After the first surveys, Vereinigte Hagel now expects damage of about 20 to 23 million euros, a doubling compared to the beginning of last week. Supercells and what they are about - currently no end in sight The background to the now considerably higher damage figures are so-called supercells, which have a much higher damage potential than ordinary thunderstorms due to their rotation and longevity. "Their most important feature is the so-called "mesocyclone," a powerful rotating updraft. It creates a negative pressure on the ground so that, like a vacuum cleaner, warm and energetic air can be constantly sucked in at the ground and reach the upper edge of the troposphere (above 10 km altitude). There the warm air is sucked in and there is also the danger of possible tornadoes. Subsequently, in the area of the sinking cold air, it is not uncommon for extreme downbursts to reach the hurricane range. Over time, supercells develop a momentum of their own that prevents the sinking cold air (as compensation for the rising warm air) from entering the warm air area. Thus, the mesocyclone is fed with warm air for several hours. Due to the longevity and massive power of the rotating updraft, hailstones can be flung into the air several times, growing into large hailstones. From Monday through Thursday, conditions in southern Germany were ideal for these rotating monsters. A warm and humid air mass was stored in the lower atmosphere, so to speak the fuel for the engine of the rotating mesocyclones. In addition, the wind near the ground came from an easterly to northeasterly direction (which favored suction), veered nearly 180° to the southwest up to an altitude of about 5 kilometers, and increased significantly. In short, there was sufficient directional and velocity shear. This is a basic requirement for the formation of rotation in the updraft region and helps to prevent the sinking cold air from reaching the front of the thunderstorm cell." And it's set to continue. The DWD forecasts heavy thunderstorms in the south and southwest of Germany on Monday evening, as well as on Tuesday. Experts prepared for this, because in June or July such weather phenomena are not uncommon, as Vereinigte Hagel knows from almost 200 years of experience. Source - https://www.freshplaza.com

26.08.2021

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26.08.2021

Germany - 2021 wheat crop to fall 3.6% after adverse weather

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26.08.2021

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26.08.2021

USA - Severe weather destroys thousands of acres of crop in Fairbank

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26.08.2021

USA - Heat bears down on California grapes

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26.08.2021

India - Farmers in Erode urged to insure crops for Kharif season

The district administration has asked the farmers in the district to insure crops under the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (Prime Minister’s Crop Insurance Scheme) for Kharif season 2021 so that they can get relief for crop loss due to natural calamities, pest attack or disease outbreak in the current rabi season. 

24.08.2021

Online Agroinsurance Conference to be held on October 4-5, 2021

Due to the concerns around health safety of conference participants and in accordance with the guidance from the Georgian health authorities, AgroInsurance is forced to reschedule Conference to year 2022. More detailed information about new dates and arrangements will be provided in February 2022. Notwithstanding another reschedule of the Conference, AgroInsurance is committed to conduct the online webinar with 2 sessions on October 4-5, 2021. 

24.08.2021

Malaysia - Sarawak Disaster Management Committee to assist durian farmers

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