There is no developed agricultural insurance program in Germany. The weather risks happen occasionally in the country and the government is currently considering options for agricultural insurance system. The government considers that the farmers should be responsible for their business. The insurance products currently offered at the market can provide effective protection against major natural perils.
Strategies to reduce income risk depend on the characteristics or risk and require a set of tools and instruments. The role for the government in risk management is to provide a sound business environment with competitive markets and clear regulations, to facilitate the development of market mechanisms and, when market fails, to provide instruments (in general from high levels of risks) according to reform principles.
Serious problems that developed in the agricultural credit situation in 2009 could escalate in 2010–2011. The earliest problems have occurred for lenders with loan concentrations in beef, dairy, hogs and poultry. Producers in all the protein sectors have suffered significant losses for over a year, resulting in a large increase in non-performing loans.
With several types of ear rot diseases appearing on Ohio’s corn crop, properly identifying them is important for producers to make decisions about feeding grain to livestock. Current weather conditions are favorable for ear rot development: wet weather late in the season, frost occurring before maturity, corn standing in the field for an extended period and delayed maturity.
Sprinkler irrigation systems are rainfall-like methods of distributing water throughout soil. Water is distributed through a network of pipes by pumping, which—through spray heads—sprays it into the air, breaks it up into tiny drops falling to the soil. It is one of four basic irrigation methods; the other three are subsurface, surface or gravity and trickle irrigations.
Hail decreases yields by reducing stands as well as destroying leaves. The severity depends on the crop’s growth stage. Corn has an advantage over soybean early in the season when storms roll through since corn’s growing point remains below ground until about the sixth-leaf stage. Young plants like this are not killed if only leaf or stem tissue is lost.
Small grain diseases that are more severe under dry soil conditions in North Dakota include wheat streak mosaic virus and common root rot. These two diseases add stress to the small grain plant which is already under stress from lack of moisture and too much heat. Wheat streak mosaic is a virus disease primarily attacking wheat crops, and is transmitted by wheat curl mites.
The UK government is determined to press ahead with plans to make livestock producers share the cost of dealing with animal disease outbreaks. Producers will have to join an annual fee-based livestock registration scheme under proposals to establish a fighting fund to help pay for disease outbreaks.
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