According to the claims reports received by Agroseguros, the abrupt drop in temperatures and frosts recorded during the weekend of March 19 to 21 in Spain affected nearly 38,000 hectares that were insured, which were distributed among more than 31,100 parcels, mostly of fruit, almond, and wine grape crops. According to the insurance company, the compensation estimate amounts to 55 million euro.
The frosts caused by a sharp drop in temperatures last weekend impacted fruit production in different parts of Spain. In the Region of Murcia, the frosts ruined the entire apricot production and a large part of the almond production in the districts of Caravaca, affecting the orchards of other municipalities in the Northwest region.
The sudden temperature drops in southeastern Spain could further reduce the already low supply of leafy vegetables, broccoli and cauliflower in Europe. The volumes of these products are lower than usual due to the impact of the weather in Spain and Italy. The passage of storms, rains, frosts and considerable temperature fluctuations have caused volumes to be scarce and the quality to be affected.
According to data from the Conselleria on the agricultural area in Castellon, the province has lost an estimated 10,000 hectares of citrus fruits since 1999. Based on the surface data recollected between 1983 and 2019, the cultivation of mandarins has gone from 21,147 hectares to 27,421, after decreasing continuously since 2011 after several decades of boom and stabilization.
With the exception of some varieties, much of the apricot production in the Region of Murcia is expected to be reduced by about half due to poor flowering, according to some producing companies in the sector. This has been confirmed by the Association of Producers and Exporters of Fruit, Table Grapes and Other Agricultural Products APOEXPA.
According to AVA-Asaja estimates, the citrus production in the Valencian region of La Ribera has fallen by nearly 30% as a result of inclement weather and pests. The abundant rains in spring affected the early varieties. The cold in December and January impacted the late productions; some of the most affected varieties were of the Lane Late family.
On March 9, the Plant Health Service of the Region of Murcia announced the detection for the first time of South African "cotonet" (Delottococcus aberiae) in the region, in an orange plantation in the area of La Arboleja, in the municipality of Mula. The Plant Health Department came to this plot due to the alert raised by the Mula Regional Agrarian Office, which requested an investigation into the possible presence of the South African "cotonet" in it, upon detecting fruits that presented some anomalous deformities.
The berry campaign is not going well in the province of Huelva. Although in December 2020 the production figures were good for that time of the season, the arrival of storm Filomena and the extremely low temperatures that it brought caused a delay in the vegetative growth of the plant and affected the flowering. This caused the production to be lower than that obtained around the same time in previous campaigns.
ASAJA Alicante has warned of the serious crisis that is affecting Fino lemon farmers in the province of Alicante, who are facing millions in losses that have yet to be quantified. "The campaign began to slow down in mid-November 2020, when the restrictions and confinements to try to contain the advance of the pandemic started.
The agricultural insurance losses reached EUR 632.9 million in 2020, according to data provided by Agroseguro. This is the fourth consecutive year with agricultural losses exceeding EUR 600 million. At the beginning of the year, storm Gloria followed by repeated hailstorms have damaged more than 427,300 hectares of crops, with losses reaching EUR 241.3 million.
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