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USA - Colorado crop progress and conditions summary

Warm and dry weather interspersed with isolated moisture advanced spring crop development ahead of average gains for this time of year, according to the Mountain Region Field Office of the National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA.

In northeastern counties, continued hot and windy conditions depleted soil moisture supplies and crop stress from lack of moisture was noticeable. Concern was high for viability of non-irrigated spring crops unless moisture is received. Wheat stem sawfly infestations were also noted throughout the district.

East central counties received needed moisture in areas while others remained dry. Concerns remained regarding deteriorating rangeland and non-irrigated crop conditions. Winter wheat condition continued to decline in areas due to no received moisture. Isolated incidences of stripe rust were also reported in the district. Reports from Kiowa county noted some corn and sorghum producers were not able to plant acreage due to severe lack of moisture. Heavy insect pressure and consequent damage to alfalfa fields was noted in Adams county.

Western counties received moisture in areas, but it was not enough to make a dent in drought conditions.

In the San Luis Valley, a few beneficial rain showers were observed, but overall conditions remained very dry. Potato emergence was well ahead of the average due to increased heat units. Rangeland conditions continued to suffer due to lack of moisture.

In southeastern counties, rangeland that received recent moisture was in better shape compared to drier areas. Livestock producers were notably still feeding stock and feed supplies were shortening. Winter wheat conditions continued to decline with reports of abandonment. Increase insect prevalence was noted in alfalfa.

As of May 29, 2020, snowpack in Colorado was 65 percent measured as percent of median snowfall. The Southwest and San Luis Valley were 14 percent and 3 percent, respectively.

Stored feed supplies were rated 3 percent very short, 16 percent short, 77 percent adequate, and 4 percent surplus.

Sheep death loss was 53 percent average and 47 percent light.

Cattle death loss was 77 percent average and 23 percent light.

CROP AND LIVESTOCK PROGRESS

Commodity

Current week

Previous week

Previous year

5-year average

(percent)

(percent)

(percent)

(percent)

Alfalfa hay 
1st cutting harvested 25 11 20 15
Corn 
Planted 97 91 76 87
Emerged 84 61 42 61
Dry edible beans 
Planted 31 6 5 20
Emerged 8 2 2 NA
Onions 
Planted 92 80 94 NA
Potatoes inside San Luis Valley 
Emerged 43 13 14 10
Potatoes outside San Luis Valley 
Planted 97 93 97 95
Emerged 81 60 59 76
Proso Millet 
Planted 46 36 37 NA
Sorghum 
Planted 42 28 30 28
Emerged 11 6 6 NA
Sugarbeets 
Planted 99 91 NA NA
Emerged 74 46 82 91
Sunflowers 
Planted 40 27 6 11
Winter wheat 
Jointed 98 92 95 NA
Headed 67 46 62 74
Turning color 4 1 4

DAYS SUITABLE FOR FIELDWORK AND SOIL MOISTURE CONDITION

Current week

Previous week

Previous year

5-year average

Days suitable for fieldwork  6.8 6.5 4.4 5.1
Topsoil moisture 

(percent)

(percent)

(percent)

(percent)

Very short 22 22 1 4
Short 41 39 7 12
Adequate 36 38 82 74
Surplus 1 1 10 10
Subsoil moisture 
Very short 21 23 2 5
Short 34 28 10 13
Adequate 45 49 81 77
Surplus 7 5

CROP, LIVESTOCK, PASTURE AND RANGE CONDITION

Commodity

Current week

Previous week

Previous year

5-year average

(percent)

(percent)

(percent)

(percent)

Alfalfa hay 
Very poor 5 5 3 2
Poor 9 10 8 6
Fair 25 26 8 23
Good 55 50 65 55
Excellent 6 9 16 14
Barley 
Very poor 2 1
Poor 4 2
Fair 23 29 16 19
Good 47 49 65 60
Excellent 24 19 19 21
Corn 
Very poor 1 1 NA NA
Poor 8 5 NA NA
Fair 38 33 NA NA
Good 44 54 NA NA
Excellent 9 7 NA NA
Onions 
Very poor 3 NA 1
Poor 4 NA 2 2
Fair 26 NA 7 15
Good 60 NA 88 72
Excellent 7 NA 3 10
Pasture and range 
Very poor 19 22 1 5
Poor 16 13 2 10
Fair 33 29 16 20
Good 32 36 62 53
Excellent 19 12
Potatoes outside San Luis Valley 
Very poor 2 NA
Poor 4 NA 2
Fair 21 NA 17 12
Good 62 NA 62 71
Excellent 11 NA 19 17
Sugarbeets 
Very poor 1 NA
Poor 5 NA 4 1
Fair 30 NA 29 26
Good 51 NA 60 61
Excellent 13 NA 7 12
Winter wheat 
Very poor 20 20 1 3
Poor 21 19 3 11
Fair 28 29 16 26
Good 29 29 60 49
Excellent 2 3 20 11
Livestock 
Very poor 1
Poor 4 5 3 2
Fair 20 19 15 12
Good 65 69 72 74
Excellent 10 7 10 12

Source – https://kiowacountypress.net



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