Till July end this year, key plantation districts across South India such as Kodagu, Chikkamagalur, Idukki and Wayanad faced a rainfall deficit. Come August, the heavy downpour in the first fortnight helped wipe out the deficit besides triggering flooding, landslides and inflicting crop losses in some of these districts.
The horticulture department has submitted a proposal to the government requesting for the inclusion of tomato crop under weather-based crop insurance scheme instead of Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY). The report submitted to the government includes total land of cultivation, number of farmers engaged in the cultivation of tomato and annual transaction among others.
In the last two decades, Pacific Island countries (PICs) have suffered billions of dollars in damage and loss due to catastrophic weather events such as cyclones and floods, and other natural disasters including volcanic eruptions. Their predominantly small size and the diverse nature of their agricultural production systems make investments unattractive to private insurers.
With the increasing intensity and frequency of severe weather events, volatile weather affects farmers and their crop more than ever before. According to Munich Re, 160 billion US $ in losses were caused by natural catastrophes in 2018, only half of them insured. The sustained drought which caused substantial agricultural losses and many wildfires was Europe’s most expensive natural disaster of the year.
In Africa, 1,145 natural disasters including droughts, extreme temperatures, floods, storms, wildfire, earthquakes (including tsunamis), mass movements, volcanic activity and land- slides occurred during 1995 and 2015 with 308 million people affected and damages of US$ 17 billion. The most frequent type of disaster was floods (64%) followed by storms (14%) and droughts (13%). However, droughts accounted for 80% of the affected people. The total damage was US$ 17 billion.
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