UK - Emergency pesticide authorisation approved to protect national sugar beet crop

24.01.2023 119 views

Defra has approved an emergency temporary authorisation for the use of a neonicotinoid pesticide treatment on this year’s sugar beet crop due to the risk to the crop from yellows viruses.

Emerging sugar beet seedlings are vulnerable to predation from aphids that have the potential to spread beet yellows virus, which can severely affect sugar beet yield and quality.  In 2020, 25% of the national sugar beet crop was lost, costing £67m of total economic loss across an industry that creates nearly 10,000 jobs.

Defra has attached strict conditions to the emergency authorisationincluding only allowing for application if independent modelling predicts a virus incidence of 63% or above. If the virus threshold is not met, then the neonicotinoid treated seed will not be used.

If the threshold is met and limited use is allowed, then further strict conditions will be applied to minimise risks to the environment. This includes a maximum number of seeds planted per hectare and restrictions on farmers planting flowering crops in subsequent years in any field where treated seed has been used.  This is to allow time for the chemical to break down.

Emergency authorisations for pesticides are only granted for a short period of time,  in special circumstances where it is necessary because of a danger that cannot be contained by any other reasonable means, and the use is limited and controlled.  Other pesticide and organic treatments are not sufficiently effective in controlling  the virus

The overall ban on the use of neonicotinoid pesticides remains in place.

Farming Minister Mark Spencer said:

We recognise the potential danger of an outbreak of the beet yellows virus on the nation’s sugar beet crop and the impact it could have on the production of UK sugar.  Therefore after careful consideration, we regard issuing an emergency authorisation as a necessary measure to protect the industry.

The product can only be used if a strict threshold is met and on a single non-flowering crop. This decision has not been taken lightly and is based on extensive and rigorous scientific assessment.

The Farming Minister considered advice on this application from the Health and Safety Executive, the independent UK Expert Committee on Pesticides and Defra’s Chief Scientific Adviser.

Source - https://www.gov.uk

03.02.2023

Spain - Almeria's yellow melon production is decreasing

The cold has slowed down Almeria's horticultural production after a whole cycle that could be defined as exhausting for plants. "The high autumn and winter temperatures weakened the plants and advanced all the crops.

03.02.2023

Canada - The fight against ginseng replant disease

Amy Shi knows her enemy. Now she must learn to defeat it. A plant pathologist specializing in ginseng, Shi’s battleground is deep in the soil, where a fungal pathogen known as Ilyonectria mors-panacis is dead set on rotting the root of what was once Ontario’s most lucrative export crop.

03.02.2023

USA - Strengthening sorghum against a worldwide fungal threat

A gene discovered by a team of Agricultural Research Service (ARS) and Purdue University scientists could help fortify the defenses of sorghum to anthracnose, a disease of the cereal grain crop that can inflict yield losses of up to 50 percent.

03.02.2023

Spain - The damage would be much greater if these frosts had happened a month from now

The intense cold in Spain over the past two weeks, with several nights of sub-zero temperatures, is taking its toll on several crops in the Murcia region, mainly stone fruit and field vegetables.

03.02.2023

Uzbekistan - Harvest of early onions is largely delayed and may be lower than expected

The consequences of the weather anomalies in January for the Central Asian onion market are not limited to the loss of last year’s crop stocks, the subsequent sharp rise in prices, and a series of bans on onion exports from almost all countries of the region.

03.02.2023

USA - SLO County farms suffer millions in losses from storms

When the big January storm hit on the 9th and 10th of the month, Alford’s fields of cabbage flooded and disappeared under a new lake of water from the half-a-foot of rain that overwhelmed debris-clogged drainage ditches.

03.02.2023

UK - Weather outlook for winter cropping

Although recently we have been discussing and analysing how weather all over the globe has been impacting our cereal and oilseed prices, how has UK weather been for our domestic winter crops?

03.02.2023

USA - Farmers suffer losses as Salinas Valley fields flood

Salinas Valley was initially spared the worst of the damage as storms battered California last month. But then the Salinas River overflowed its banks Jan. 10, breaching berms and levees.