India - Pests, climate change hit Muthalamada’s mango production in Kerala

29.03.2024 89 views

The hub of mango cultivation in the state, Muthalamada finds itself in the grip of a major crisis. Based on ground reports, the region, where seasonal business turnover from mango used to exceed Rs 500 crore, is witnessing an alarming 80% decrease in production compared to previous years.

Farmers and exporters say this is the first time in the last 40 years that Muthalamada is facing such a dire scenario, which has been attributed to climate change, insect infestation, and excessive application of pesticides. Most of the varieties of mango cultivated in Muthalamada, including alphonso, banganapalli, sindhooram, totapuri, kilimooku or kilichundan, kalapadi, mallika, nadusalai, neelam, rumani, malgoa, and gudadath, have been experiencing reduced yields.

“The unexpected downpour in December hurt us badly. It damaged almost all the flowers. Pest attacks have also played a role. The pesticides used in the orchards have proven ineffective as insects have developed immunity,” says Abdul Razak, a seasoned farmer with over four decades of experience. Farmers also cite the delay in the flowering season for the low productivity.

“The flowering season typically commences in October and November. This year, however, it extended until mid-December. Climate change has emerged as a significant villain,” remarked Rahmat Sheikh, a migrant worker. Mango orchards in Muthalamada are spread across 5,000 hectares, covering an area from Chemmanampathy to Elevancherry, in the foothills of the Western Ghats.

“The mango season was a time of celebration for the entire community. The harvest was a means of livelihood for countless individuals, including farmers, agents, drivers, hoteliers, exporters, and many others,” says Mohan Kumar, secretary of the Muthalamada Mango Farmers and Merchants Welfare Association (MMFMWA). “From over Rs 500 crore, turnover in a single season has now plummeted to Rs 50 crore.

The changing climatic conditions and pest attacks have drastically disrupted our lives. Crop losses began nearly five years ago, and the situation is now dire,” Mohan lamented. According to farmers, the increase in attacks by pest such as hoppers, thrips and ‘velleecha’ have forced then to spend an additional Rs 4 lakh per 10 acres of land. “Earlier, pesticides were sprayed 2-3 times during the flowering season.

But due to the increase in pest attacks and climate change, we are forced to use pesticides nearly 13-14 times in a single season. This has increased production costs and many have taken out loans to tide over the crisis. Even the government has ended subsidies on pesticides. Along with this, low production and cultivation costs have cast a dark cloud over our hopes,” said Abic Mohan, a young farmer.

“If the government can find a vaccine for Covid, which is not visible to the eyes, why can’t the agricultural department and other departments find pesticides to kill insects? Government intervention is essential to restore the waning glory of Muthalamada,” Mohan added. Now, many farmers are planning to shift to coconut cultivation, which is also carried out extensively in the region.

“Most farmers have loans and are on the verge of facing action from banks. With business plummeting, many are planning to shift crops. If the government fails to take up the matter seriously, it will affect lakhs of people who are dependent on the Muthalamada market,” Mohan said.

Source - https://www.newindianexpress.com

18.04.2024

USA - Vermont farms are still recovering from flooding as they enter the growing season

Hundreds of Vermont farms are still recovering from last July's catastrophic flooding and other extreme weather as they head into this year's growing season. Dog River Farm, in Berlin, Vermont, lost nearly all its produce crops in the July flooding.

18.04.2024

2024 AgroInsurance Conference - Presentations from Partners and Sponsors

Swiss Re (Switzerland), Generali (Serbia), Planet Labs (USA), GAF AG (Germany), Agremo (Serbia), Skyglyph AG (Bulgaria) and K. M. Dastur (UK/India) are the confirmed partners and sponsors of the Conference. The topics from our Sponsors and Partners will cover specifics of underwriting approaches, product design and technology innovations in agriculture insurance, when applying earth observation data facilitating proper informed decisions.

18.04.2024

USA - Banana industry's future in the face of challenges

Bananas, a significant source of potassium, are enveloped in their own biodegradable packaging, making them a convenient and widely consumed fruit in the US. They play a crucial role in the American diet, with their consumption exceeding 20% of the total fresh fruit intake, which has expanded from 92 to 136 pounds per person annually over the past 50 years.

18.04.2024

Latvia - Early April heatwave impacts fruit farming

In Latvia, an early April heatwave has prematurely awakened flora, leading to the blossoming of plums, apricots, cherries, and the greening of apple and pear trees. This abrupt seasonal shift has prompted concerns among fruit farmers as a subsequent drop in temperature and expected frosts threaten plantations.

18.04.2024

South Africa - Uncertainty looms over winter crop planting season

As South Africa navigates through the aftermath of El Niño, its agriculture sector braces for the significant impact it could have on the upcoming winter crop season. As the country approaches the winter planting season, concerns loom over the potential challenges posed by limited rainfall.

18.04.2024

Birds, beetles, bugs could help replace pesticides

Natural predators like birds, beetles and bugs might be an effective alternative t pesticides, keeping crop-devouring pests populations down while boosting crop yields, researchers said Wednesday.

18.04.2024

USA - What California citrus growers may need to recover from a record year for fruit fly

Redlands Daily Facts reports that Sen. Rosilicie Ochoa Bogh, R-Yucaipa, joined other members of the state legislature in writing a letter to Gov. Gavin Newsom last month, requesting $45 million in emergency funding for citrus growers grappling with an invasive fruit fly that has heavily impacted distribution and sales.

18.04.2024

India - Unpredictable weather hits potato farming

In a setback for India's agricultural sector, potato farming has been severely affected by unpredictable weather patterns, leading to a significant drop in production. Bad weather last November impacted potato farming in the nation. It damaged the crops when they were just planted, thus farmers had to plant them again in December.

istanbul escort şişli escort tbilisi escort şişli escort şişli escort maslak escort istanbul escort beşiktaş escort taksim escort izmir escort ümraniye escort mecidiyeköy escort şişli escort taksim escort ümraniye escort kartal escort şirinevler escort maltepe escort istanbul escort ümraniye escort kadıköy escort vip escort mersin escort istanbul escorts ataköy escort avcılar escort beylikdüzü escort okmeydanı escort şişli escort tuzla escort işitme cihazı sex shop sex shop sex shop sex shop sex shop sex shop sex shop sex shop